Teaching New Behavior Through Positive Reinforcement

Spread the love Positive reinforcement is one of four types of learning in operant conditioning, which was conceptualized by B.F. Skinner. When you want to increase a target behavior, a reinforcement (reward) is given. Giving positive reinforcements is one of the effective ways to establish good habits or encourage good behavior. This is commonly used … Read more

Preparing children for life’s ups and downs

Adults have plenty of words to describe the positive and negative emotions we all experience, whether that’s joy, contentment, enthusiasm, anger, fear, irritation, or sadness. Young children tend to express their feelings spontaneously, through tearful outbursts or unrestrained bursts of enthusiasm; it takes time to develop the ability to engage in complex, in-depth conversations about … Read more

The Stages of Speech Development: A Proposal

Spread the love Speech development in young children happens in stages. Even before they are able to utter complete words, children make sounds and sound sequences. Slowly but surely, babies start to learn letter sounds and later on form words. Between vegetative sounds and three-word combinations are small yet significant stages that signify developments in … Read more

Teaching and learning under adverse conditions

Join educational researcher Nina Alonso for a new podcast series as she shares powerful stories from teachers around the world, talking in their own words about their own experiences. In this episode of Teachers’ Voices, we explore the challenges of teaching and learning under adverse conditions with special guest, Willem Frankenhuis. Willem is an expert … Read more

Introducing Teachers’ Voices

Teachers are one of the most influential and powerful forces for equity, access and quality in education. They provide children with the knowledge, skills, attitude and tools needed to reach their full potential. Join Nina Alonso for this brand new podcast series as she shares powerful stories from teachers around the world, talking in their … Read more

Harnessing hope to improve children’s lives

Hope is more than a warm and fuzzy feeling. During our darkest days, hope allows us to imagine a brighter future for ourselves and helps us cope with difficulties and uncertainty. Hope is a source of psychological strength that appears to have concrete benefits. In a seminal paper on hope, researchers noted that high levels … Read more

It’s complicated

Children are born to grow – physically, mentally, and emotionally. Yet how that plays out differs greatly from one child to another. Mozart famously started composing at the age of five, and the Hungarian mathematician John Neumann was just six years old when he first exchanged jokes with his father in ancient Greek. For a … Read more

Building resilience in children through conversational storytelling

The COVID-19 pandemic has created enormous challenges for families all over the world. Among those who have been most affected are young children, many of whom have far fewer opportunities to interact with peers and others outside the home now than they did before the pandemic. Between the ages of 1 and 5, these interactions … Read more

Has the COVID-19 crisis affected reading development?

“Hello reader! Go ahead and read this sentence aloud. And maybe this one too.” Did you, by any chance, time yourself? If so, you have measured your “oral reading fluency.” This simple measure—the number of words read aloud correctly divided by the length of time it took—is used to chart the development of reading skills … Read more

How does morality develop in children as they mature?

If we want to help children succeed and thrive so that they can reach their full potential, we need to understand their mental, biological, and emotional needs. Join Sean Sanders, Director and Senior Editor for Custom Publishing at Science, as he interviews outstanding researchers in a broad range of fields whose work either directly involves … Read more