18 Strategies to Help Students Who Do Not Possess Word Attack Skills

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Are you looking for strategies to help students who do not possess word attack skills? If so, keep reading.

1. Develop a list of words and phrases from the learner’s reading content that they do not recognize. Get the learner to practice using phonics skills, context clues, image clues, etc., to decode these words.

2. Get the learner to find words and phrases that they do not recognize. Make these words the learner’s word list to be learned.

3. Teach the learner word attack skills using a root word sight vocabulary to which several prefixes and suffixes may be added.

4. Praise the learner every time they attempt to sound out a word. As the learner shows success, slowly increase the number of attempts required for reinforcement.

5. Utilize a peer tutor to review word attack skills previously learned utilizing games and learning activities .

6. Make sure the learner uses sight vocabulary to support weaknesses in phonics skills.

7. Make sure the learner develops an understanding of listening to word sounds (For instance, say, “Listen to the following words, each of them starts with a /bl/ sound: blue, black, block, blast.”).

8. Make sure the learner develops an understanding of seeing letter combinations that make the sounds (e.g., have the learner circle all the words in a reading passage that begins with the /bl/ blend).

9. Give practice with reading /pl/ words, /pr/ words, etc., by presenting a high interest paragraph or story that contains these words.

10. Show skills in decoding words (e.g., using contractions from conversation, write the abbreviated form of the word, and the two finished words to show how to recognize the contraction).

11. Urge the learner to try several sounds to arrive at the correct answer (e.g., delete letters from a word that is used in context and provide a few choices that are to be filled in).

12. Compose paragraphs and short stories requiring word attack skills the learner is presently learning. The passages must be of high interest to the learner using their name, family members, friends, pets, and exciting experiences.

13. Get the learner to dictate stories that are then put in print for them to read. Make the learner place emphasis on word attack skills.

14. Get the learner to read high interest signs, advertisements, notices, etc., from newspapers, magazines, movie promotions, etc., placing emphasis on word attack skills.

15. Make sure the learner is practicing word attack skills that are causally related to high interest reading learning activities (e.g., adventure, romance, mystery, sports, etc.).

16. Consider using AI to teach reading comprehension.

17. Consider using Alexa to teach reading skills.

18. Try using one of our many apps designed to teach literacy skills and help students with reading issues:

10 Apps That Teach Your Child to Read

7 Must-Have Apps to Make Students Love Reading

7 Must-Have Phonics Apps and Tools

9 Reading Apps and Tools for the Elementary Classroom

The Tech Edvocate’s List of 24 Literacy Apps, Tools & Resources

10 Apps to Teach Children Early Literacy Skills

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