Sound-recognition is the first concept that children are taught in kindergarten and elementary school.
To help children recognize sounds, they are taught phonics to know the sound of each letter of the alphabet. This is important because once kids have a basic idea of phonics, then educators can start teaching them to read.
Another thing to keep in mind is that children grasp concepts much more quickly at the elementary level if they are taught through fun games and exercises. So teachers must always include some interactive activities in their lesson plans.
This game helps children learn about all the different phonemes in a word. Phonemes are the different sound units that make up a word.
For this game, you will need pictures of objects that the children can recognize easily, for instance, a picture of a car or a ball. Place the picture in front of the child and ask them to identify what it is. For example, they may pick a picture with a car on it.
Now the teacher will break the word into its phonemes which are kɑː(r), and ask the children to repeat the sounds with the teacher. This way, they will learn the sounds that make up each word.
To play this game, you need to select a story or rhyme that the children are very familiar with, preferably something they have memorized like ‘Twinkle Twinkle.’
As you recite the rhyme out loud, make sure you intentionally replace some words with incorrect ones. If the children listen carefully, they will immediately point out the wrong words and say the correct ones. In this way, the children will get a sense of the correct arrangement of words in a meaningful sentence.
This is a great strategy that helps children understand distinct sounds and phrases because they need to listen carefully to pick out the incorrect sounds and words.
This exercise aims to help children understand how adding a new sound can create an entirely new word.
They will probably already know basic words like ‘it’ or ‘at.’ So, ask them what happens if you add the b-b-b sound at the beginning of ‘at.’ You may need to help them out initially before they get the hang of this game. To guide them, say b-b-b + at makes bat!
Once the children are familiar with how the game works, you can try other combinations like c-c-c + at makes cat!