Miscue Analysis For Diagnosing Reading Difficulties

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Researchers all over the world make use of what is called a miscue analysis to diagnose reading difficulties. If this term sounds completely foreign, you have come to the right place. 

In this article, we will be discussing what a miscue analysis is and how it is used. More so, we will mention a few miscues to look out for during an analysis and how to perform one of these assessments. 

What Is A Miscue Analysis?

In short, a miscue analysis involves a running record that is used to identify difficulties faced by students when they read. This running record helps to distinguish reading rate and accuracy. On top of this, it can be used to identify various reading behaviors that may require support. 

Teachers often use a miscue analysis when trying to obtain information about a student’s reading skills. If a child is weak in a particular area, the teacher will pick up on it during the miscue analysis. 

The Miscues To Look For During A Miscue Analysis

There are various miscues to look out for during a miscue analysis:

  • Correction – the student will make an error when reading and quickly correct their mistake to make sense of the sentence. 
  • Insertion – the student adds a new word to the sentence while reading out loud. 
  • Omission – the student will omit a word while reading out loud. This often changes the meaning of the sentence.
  • Repetition – the student will repeat a particular word or even a portion of the text.
  • Reversal – the student will reverse a portion of the text or rearrange a few words. 
  • Substitution – the student says a different word to the one in the text. 

Performing A Miscue Analysis

Experts suggest that teachers perform a miscue analysis every 6 to 8 weeks. This is done to monitor any progress made by the student during their reading development journey. Understanding the miscues and progress made by the student will help when deciding how your lessons should look in the future. 

When designing and planning a miscue analysis, there are a few essential things to keep in mind:

  • Use unfamiliar text. If you tell the student which text will be used during the analysis, they may simply memorize the entire thing beforehand. This defeats the whole point of the analysis. 
  • Find a quiet place to perform the analysis. If the child gets distracted during the analysis, they may make miscues that don’t accurately represent their reading ability. 

Concluding Thoughts

A miscue analysis is often used to monitor and track students’ progress when it comes to their reading. The miscues include corrections, insertions, repetitions, omissions, and substitutions. When performing a miscue analysis, it is vital that the room is free from any distractions and that an unfamiliar text is used.

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